About Bayer Solutions

Bayer Solutions provide answers and key insights for the most common diseases and pests that plague golf course turf. This information was assembled by the Bayer Green Solutions Team, with valuable input from Bayer developmental scientists and area sales managers.


About-disease
Pest Solutions

The Bayer Solutions Guide provides concise information on key cultural and chemical controls, and the identification and biology of important diseases. The Guide also highlights which Bayer fungicides best solve these problems.

About-product
Product Sheets

Bayer Product Information Sheets show what diseases can be controlled with Bayer fungicides and provide tips on maximizing the effectiveness of these products against one or multiple diseases.

About-treatment
Treatment Programs

Local Bayer area sales managers can help you choose the solutions you need for your problems. They can also work with the Green Solutions team to provide regional disease control programs for you based on your needs. Contact your area sales manager for more information.

Learn more about the most common diseases of warm-season turfgrass; what conditions are needed for development, when risk is highest and guidelines for treatment.

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Bermudagrass
Bermudagrass
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Bermudagrass

Physiological decline of bermudagrass has many look-alikes and can be confused with fungal diseases and nematode injury. Symptoms are small to large areas of thin, off-color turf in patches, or large areas with reduced root mass.

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Curvularia-blight
Curvularia Blight
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Curvularia Blight

Curvularia fungi are typically found on older turfgrass leaves that are exhibiting an advanced stage of senescence. Stressed golf turf is especially susceptible to this disease.

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Damping-off
Damping-Off
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Damping-Off

Damping-off affects turfgrass seedlings, negatively affecting establishment of turf in new, overseeded or renovated areas. It is most prevalent in water-saturated areas under either high heat or heavily shaded conditions.

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Dollar-spot
Dollar Spot
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Dollar Spot

Dollar spot is a widespread and destructive turfgrass disease that occurs year-round in the United States. Implementing proper cultural practices is crucial to reducing the severity and footprint of this disease.

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Fairy-ring
Fairy Ring
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Fairy Ring

One of the more difficult turf diseases to control, fairy ring is caused by any of 60 or more soilborne basidiomycete fungi. The fungi do not directly attack plants, but instead cause problems by stimulating turf and/or causing hydrophobic soils that lead to localized dry spot (LDS).

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Large-patch
Large Patch
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Large Patch

Caused by a soilborne fungus, large patch infects and rots leaf sheaths, crowns and stolons of warm-season turf. Preventive fungicides and healthy cultural practices are key to controlling large patch symptoms.

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Leaf-sheath-spot
Leaf & Sheath Spot
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Leaf & Sheath Spot

Leaf and sheath spot is a fungal disease that attacks the crown and sheath of bermudagrass. Damage can appear as bronze patches, but can be improved by cultural practices like maintaining adequate Nitrogen, summer aerification and avoiding aggressive cultivation.

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Leaf-spot-melting-out
Leaf Spot & Melting Out
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Leaf Spot & Melting Out

Leaf spot and melting out are distinct phases of the same chronic foliar disease. Improve plant health and reduce leaf spot by improving air movement, providing adequate drainage and reducing wear patterns, along with fungicides.

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Microdochium
Microdochium
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Microdochium

Microdochium symptoms are brownish, irregular-shaped spots that progress to patches. Treatment options include careful cultural practices as well as fungicide applications.

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Pythium-diseases
Pythium Disease
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Pythium Disease

Major diseases caused by Pythium species include blight, root rot and root dysfunction. Fungicide resistance has not been an issue and remains a reliable choice for control of these diseases.

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Rapid-blight
Rapid Blight
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Rapid Blight

Most common on putting greens or overseeded areas, rapid blight is a disease of salt-affected, cool-season turf. Soil sodium management through leaching is the most effective way to reduce rapid blight.

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Spring-dead-spot
Spring Dead Spot
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Spring Dead Spot

Also known as SDS, spring dead spot is an important root disease of common bermudagrass. Areas of turf affected by this disease do not typically emerge from winter dormancy and grow slowly in the spring, and are also prone to weed invasion.

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Weed Solutions
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Learn more about the most common weeds of warm-season turfgrass; what conditions are needed for development, when risk is highest and guidelines for treatment.

Crabgrass
Crabgrass & Goosegrass
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Crabgrass & Goosegrass

Crabgrass and goosegrass are two annual grassy weeds that occur in warm-season turf and germinate in spring and early summer. Strategies for control are similar, often including pre-emergent as well as post-emergent herbicides.

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Dallisgrass
Dallisgrass
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Dallisgrass

Dallisgrass is a warm-season, rhizomatous, perennial grassy weed that is difficult to control. Good to excellent control of dallisgrass can be achieved with a 3-spot treatment application program utilizing Tribute® Total herbicide.

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Doveweed
Doveweed
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Doveweed

Also known as nakedstem dewflower, doveweed closely resembles grass and spreads rapidly. Control can be difficult, and a combination of pre-emergent and post-emergent herbicides is the best solution.

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Poa-annua
Poa Annua
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Poa Annua

Poa annua (or annual bluegrass) is considered the world's worst turfgrass weed. It can grow up to 7 inches high when not mowed and has become resistant to several classes of chemistry. Non-overseeded turf and overseeded turf require different solutions for controlling Poa annua.

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Sedge
Sedge
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Sedge

Most sedges occur in turf and are both extremely common and hard to control. Identification is crucial for proper treatment as well as mowing height and frequency along with pre-emergent products.

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Tropical-signalgrass
Tropical Signalgrass
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Tropical Signalgrass

Commonly found in Florida, tropical signalgrass is difficult to control with existing post-emergent herbicides. Best control is obtained through a specific process of herbicide application along with proper maintenance.

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Virginia-buttonweed
Virginia Buttonweed
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Virginia Buttonweed

Virginia buttonweed is a mat-forming, deep-rooted perennial herb that can be spread by mowing or trimming. Its varied means of reproduction can make it hard to control, and pre-emergent herbicides are often ineffective. Post-emergent application is necessary for full control.

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Specticle-hardscapes
Specticle® for Hardscapes
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Specticle® for Hardscapes

Grassy and broadleaf weeds can be problematic in hardscape areas of golf courses such as parking lots or rocky areas. Solutions vary and may include manual hand pulling, weed-eating, spot spraying and broadcast applications of both pre-emergent and post-emergent herbicides.

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Specticle-natural
Specticle® for Natural Areas
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Specticle® for Natural Areas

Grassy and broadleaf weeds can spread rapidly in natural areas of golf courses and often require a combination of manual hand pulling, spot spraying and broadcast applications of both pre-emergent and post-emergent herbicides.

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Insect Solutions
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Learn more about the most common insects that affect warm-season turfgrass; what conditions are needed for development, when risk is highest and guidelines for treatment.

Billbugs
Billbugs
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Billbugs

Often misdiagnosed, billbugs cause irregular-looking dead spots or mottling in turf. Early detection is difficult and common solutions include short-residual insecticide and imidacloprid application.

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Fireants
Fire Ants
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Fire Ants

Fire ants are presently found in 14 states across the southern U.S. and are aggressive in nature. Nonchemical methods are generally ineffective. Bait products and broadcast applications of insecticides offer the most control.

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Mole-crickets
Mole Crickets
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Mole Crickets

Mole crickets damage turf by tunneling and feeding on plant roots, stems and leaves. To control damage, it is necessary to monitor pest activity and develop a management program using the active ingredient fipronil.

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Nematode
Nematodes
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Nematodes

Nematodes are found in sand-based soils and feed on turfgrass roots. Chemical control solutions for nematodes are limited, so cultural management strategies are vital in preventing severe damage.

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White-grubs
White Grubs
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White Grubs

Grubs themselves can damage turfgrass, as can the animals that feed on them. Most adult emergence occurs in midsummer, and broad-spectrum insecticides are an effective treatment when correctly applied and monitored.

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Bayer products provide a solution for the most common diseases of warm-season turf. See what products are labeled for key diseases and what features they have.

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26gt
26GT®
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26GT®

26GT can be used year-round for broad-spectrum disease control. 26GT controls key diseases such as dollar spot, brown patch, snow mold, Microdochium patch and leaf spots.

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Acclaim-extra
Acclaim® Extra
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Acclaim® Extra

Acclaim Extra can be used to control both goosegrass and crabgrass in turf as well as zoysia grass.

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Banol
Banol®
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Banol®

Banol provides reliable Pythium control and is effective against Pythium diseases in turf, ornamentals and landscapes.

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Bayleton
Bayleton® FLO
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Bayleton® FLO

Bayleton FLO provides systemic disease control of foliar, root and soil-borne diseases of turfgrass. Bayleton FLO is a key fungicide for management of spring diseases, including dollar spot and fairy ring.

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Celsius-wg
Celsius® WG
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Celsius® WG

Celsius WG is a selective herbicide with two modes of action that provide broad-spectrum weed control. It is especially effective at controlling dollarweed and bull paspalum.

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Chipco-choice
Chipco® Choice
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Chipco® Choice

Chipco Choice is the longest-lasting mole cricket insecticide on the market. It offers long soil residual that can withstand frequent rainfall and provides season-long control when silt applied.

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Signature
Chipco® Signature®
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Chipco® Signature®

Chipco Signature has proven effectiveness for the control of Pythium and provides plant health benefits. Chipco Signature tank mixes are a key part of management programs for summer decline, anthracnose and bacterial decline.

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Compas-50wg
Compass® 50 WG
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Compass® 50 WG

This fungicide has a history of providing broad-spectrum disease control on turfgrass as well as ornamental plantings. The unique mode of action provides control on all leaf surfaces through translaminar activity and localized vapor movement.

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Dylox
Dylox®
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Dylox®

Dylox provides quick knock-down for golf course turf and residential lawns infested with damaging populations of third-instar white grub larvae. It also helps stop damage from predators such as skunks, birds and raccoons.

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Interface
Interface® StressGard®
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Interface® StressGard®

This product provides year-round broad-spectrum disease control and plant health promotion with StressGard Formulation Technology. It controls key diseases such as dollar spot, brown patch, snow mold, Microdochium patch and leaf spots.

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Merit
Merit®
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Merit®

Merit is best used for preventive control of white grub larvae and other listed surface and subsurface pests on turfgrass and landscape ornamentals, as well as on residential and commercial lawns, golf courses, athletic fields and sod farms.

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Mirage
Mirage® StressGard®
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Mirage® StressGard®

Mirage StressGard manages diseases on fairways, integrating the strengths of DMI-chemistry with plant health promotion technology. It is best used in a fairway solutions program to target specific diseases such as fairy ring, large patch, snow mold, brown patch and dollar spot.

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Prostar
ProStar® WG
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ProStar® WG

ProStar provides control of difficult basidiomycete diseases such as fairy ring, brown patch, brown ring patch (aka Waitea patch) and southern blight. ProStar offers systemic preventive and curative control of these tough diseases.

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Prograss
Prograss®
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Prograss®

Prograss features an emulsifiable formulation for the control and/or suppression of specific annual grasses and broadleaf weeds and is effective in both humid and arid climates.

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Revolver
Revolver®
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Revolver®

Revolver is a post-emergent sulfonylurea herbicide for application as a foliar spray to control cool-season grasses in warm-season turf.

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Rhapsody
Rhapsody®
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Rhapsody®

Rhapsody is an effective preventive biofungicide for the broad-spectrum control of many important foliar and soilborne diseases.

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Ronstar
Ronstar®
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Ronstar®

Ronstar is a selective, pre-emergent herbicide for control of many annual grasses and broadleaf weeds. Unlike competitors, it controls weeds through shoots, not roots.

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Sencor-75
Sencor® 75
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Sencor® 75

Sencor 75 provides effective control of goosegrass on dormant and actively-growing Bermudagrass turf.

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Sevin-sl
Sevin® SL
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Sevin® SL

Sevin carbaryl insecticides provide effective broad-spectrum control of more than 130 turf and ornamental pests. This product is formulated to bloom in the spray tank and provides uniform, superior spray delivery and residual.

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Specticle-flo
Specticle® FLO
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Specticle® FLO

Specticle FLO is a pre-emergent herbicide that controls the most troublesome grassy and broadleaf weeds, as well as annual sedges. It controls weeds by inhibiting cellulose biosynthesis – its primary site of action is the newly developing root of a germinated weed seedling.

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Specticle-g
Specticle® G
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Specticle® G

Specticle G is a granular, pre-emergent herbicide that controls grassy and broadleaf weeds, as well as annual sedges. It shows an extended residual control of annual bluegrass (Poa annua), goosegrass, crabgrass and more than 90 listed weeds.

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StressGard
StressGard® FT
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StressGard® FT

StressGard Formulation Technology works beyond standard disease control. This unique formulation helps plants thrive under stressful conditions – resulting in stronger root systems and denser, healthier aboveground turf.

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Tartan
Tartan®
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Tartan®

Tartan provides broad-spectrum control of important diseases and promotes plant health with StressGard® Formulation Technology. Tartan controls key diseases such as fairy ring, dollar spot, brown patch and pink snow mold.

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Topchoice
Topchoice®
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Topchoice®

Topchoice provides single-application control of fire ants for up to a full year in residential and commercial lawns, golf courses, sports turf, and schools and parks.

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Tribute-total
Tribute® Total
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Tribute® Total

Tribute Total is a selective, post-emergent herbicide for broad-spectrum control of weeds growing in well- established Bermudagrass and zoysia grass.

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Contact your local sales representative today for a customized treatment plan.

Special-main

With a custom warm-season program, you'll get a 52-week calendar tailored to your specific location, with the ability to easily remove or add applications and products as needed. The calendar helps target when applications should be made, giving you the biggest bang for your buck, whether combating a single disease or using an integrated seasonal plan.

Building your custom program includes:

  • Combining historical weather data for different geographical areas with known optimal environmental conditions for disease development
  • Mapping out historical disease patterns using the data, which provides a guideline for developing preventive management programs
  • Creating a calendar that highlights when Bayer fungicides are most effective and when applications should be made

Contact your local sales representative or call us to get started at 1-800-331-2867.

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